Kim Il Sung (Kim Il Sung)( President of the DPRK (North Korea).)
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Biography Kim Il Sung (Kim Il Sung)
Born April 15, 1912, near Pyongyang, two years after the Japanese occupation of the Korean Peninsula. Youth Kim Il Sung took place in Manchuria, where he met with the communist doctrine and joined a partisan unit, who fought with the Japanese. He studied in the USSR. He returned to Korea in 1945 with the rank of Major Soviet Red Army. With the support of the Soviet Union formed a provisional government of North Korea, became the leader of the Communist Workers' Party of Korea, and in September 1948, after the formation of North Korea, took over as Prime Minister.
Hoping for the unification of Korea, in 1950 ordered the invasion of South Korea, after the first successful operation was repulsed by the armed groups the UN. In 1953 was forced to conclude an agreement on truce. At home, Kim followed the Soviet model: the country was developing heavy industry, accepted an ambitious five-year plans, the population exposed to the powerful influence of Communist propaganda. Kim Il Sung - the author of the Korean doctrine of Juche, or self-reliance, according to which Korea does not need external assistance and is able to develop completely independently.
With Kim in the country to suppress dissent, were destroyed, hundreds of thousands of people, many more 'unreliable elements' were placed in labor camps. Kim has managed to form a powerful army of about 1 million. personnel deployed mainly along the border with South Korea. In the early 1990's, some Western security services have warned their government about the possibility of creating nuclear weapons in North Korea. In 1992, Kim left his post as premier and was elected president.
Died Kim Il Sung in Pyongyang, July 8, 1994. Successor in the power of his son Kim Jong Il.