KOBBET William (Cobbett William)( English journalist, political activist.)
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Biography KOBBET William (Cobbett William)
Born March 9, 1763 in Farnham (Surrey) in the small family farmer. In 1783 went to London, worked as an assistant prosecutor. He served in the British regiment in Canada, in 1791 he returned to England. In 1792 Kobbet, accusing the officers of his regiment in the abuse, left the military service and, fearing for his safety, went to France and then in America. Under the pseudonym Peter Porcupine supported anglophiles and spoke with attacks on Democrats in the numerous pamphlets (eg, . Bloody milestone, . exhibited as a warning to political pilots of America, . or testimony is true many horrific inhumanity, . unseen before the French Revolution - The Bloody Buoy, . thrown out as a Warning to the Political Pilots of America, . or a Faithful Relation of a Multitude of Horrid Barbarities, . such as the Eye never Witnessed until the Commencement of the French Revolution),
. Defended the interests of his country, then fought with France, even dared to put a portrait of the king in the windows of his house. Attacks on Kobbeta Dr. B. Ruscha led to the lawsuit, by whose decision Kobbet was forced to pay compensation in 5000 dollars. Dissatisfied with the decision of the court, went to England (1800). Let 'Parliamentary Debates' ( 'Parliamentary Debates'), 'weekly political magazine' ( 'Weekly Political Register'), the editor of which remained until the end of life. Combined publishing activities in London with farming near Southampton. Critical materials about government policies caused a charge of slander, fines and imprisonment (1810-1812).
After the release from prison continued to publish 'political magazine'. Under the threat of arrest was forced to go to America (1817) lived in North Hampstead on Long Island, wrote and engaged in farming. Remember to send materials for his magazine, which continued to appear in England. Posted by Grammar of English (Grammar of the English Language)
. From 1819 to 1835 Kobbet published about 50 books and pamphlets, . among them - Household, . Advice for young people (Cottage Economy, . Advice to Young Men), . major work history of the Protestant Reformation in England (The History of the Protestant Reformation in England, . vol,
. 1-2, 1824-1827) and brought the author fame walk Rural (Rural Rides), published in the 'news magazine' in 1820-1830.
In 1832 Kobbet was elected to the first reformed Parliament from Oldham, but has not met expectations of their voters. Continual work undermined his health. A year before his death, released a testament workers (A Legacy to Labourers, 1834), have a significant impact on the development of social thought. It Kobbet criticized Malthusianism and the new poor law 1834. Kobbet died in London on June 18, 1835.