John Constable (Constable John)( English landscape painter.)
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Biography John Constable (Constable John)
Born June 11, 1776 in East Bergholte (Suffolk). In 1799 he entered the Royal Academy of Arts, in 1829 was elected a member of the Academy. Later, the recognition of the artist's work was in part due to its totally new, do not conform to the standards of academic art interpretation of the nature. The novelty of the landscapes of Constable was the result of his deep scientific interest in the effects of reflected light, which he carefully studied. Physicist and chemist Michael Faraday, George Field, admired the works of the artist. In the first version of the paintings Cart Hay (London, Victoria and Albert Museum) Constable with the ability to distinguish subtle color and light nuances conveyed many gradations of tones and shades of color. However, in another variant of the same pattern (1821, . London, . National Gallery), he, . anticipating criticism of his extraordinary painterly style, . replaced by fresh 'first impression' (in his own words) is more restrained, . almost monochrome color scheme, . which led to a loss of sensation of momentary and variability,
. Discovery of Constable, scientists are close to finding the 19. And Dutch artists 17. Hobbema, Ruisdael and the Cape, had a great influence on his followers outside of England, primarily at the French Impressionists. Constable died in London on March 31, 1837.