LABRUST Pierre Franö¬ois Henri (Labrouste Pierre Franÿ¦ois Henri)( French architect.)
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Biography LABRUST Pierre Franö¬ois Henri (Labrouste Pierre Franÿ¦ois Henri)
Born in Paris on May 11, 1801, the brother of architect Theodore Labrusta (1799-1885). From 1819 he studied architecture at the School of Fine Arts in Paris, in A. Vandozhe and L. Loeb. In 1824 he left for Rome, where he studied constructive basis of ancient architecture. Labrust was a supporter of the use in the construction of new materials and taking into account their properties in architectural design. In 1830, organized in Paris 'rational school of architecture'. Built in 1843-1850 of an elegant library building of St.. Genevieve in Paris - the most successful example of his style. The materials of the written details of the interior libraries (columns, arches, glass 'lamps'), - metal and glass, they are on open display, not hidden, as was done before, under the lining or decoration. Here is the first modern construction materials play the role of art, which was previously assigned only to masonry and wood. Reading rooms of the Paris National Library (1858-1868) Labrust blocked the domes of glass and metal, supported on metal columns. The work of the architect mark the transition of European architecture from classical to functionalism. Died in Fontainebleau Labrust June 24, 1875.