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Nathaniel Lee (Lee Nathaniel)

( English playwright, considered one of the greatest authors of the tragedy of the Restoration period.)

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Biography Nathaniel Lee (Lee Nathaniel)
photo Nathaniel Lee (Lee Nathaniel)
(1653-1692)
Born probably in 1653 in Uoltemstou (Essex), however, the exact date and place of birth unknown. Educated Charterhouse School in London, in 1665 entered Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1669 received a Bachelor of Arts. Having failed to stage the stage of London, became a playwright.
His early plays - written on the historical material of tragedy, gravitating to the heroic drama. Nero (Nero, 1674) had no particular success, two subsequent plays, Sofonizba (Sophonisba, 1675) and Gloriana (Gloriana, 1676), gained great popularity. The fourth piece, the Queen, rival, or Death of Alexander the Great (The Rival Queens, or the Death of Alexander the Great, 1677) - the first tragedy of the Restoration period, written by a white verse, rather than the heroic couplets. In 1678 Lee has created two pieces - Mithridates VI, king of Pontus (Mithridates, King of Pontus) and Oedipus (Oedipus), the latest co-authored with D. Draydenom.

Since then, the work of Lee came a series of misfortunes. His next play Massacre in Paris (The Massacre of Paris) has been banned for political reasons, because it contained echoes of the so-called popish plot, then stirred up the whole of England. Play Cesare Borgia (Caesar Borgia, 1679) was received by the public is cool. But Lee took revenge by writing his only comedy The Princess of Cleves (The Princess of Cleve, 1680) - the novel by M. Lafayette. This was followed by a sentimental tragedy of Theodosius, or the power of love (Theodosius, or the Force of Love, 1680). At the end of that year was put Lucius Junius Brutus (Lucius Junius Brutus), but after six representations of the play was banned for preaching republican ideas. In 1682, after a quarrel with the Whigs, Lee joined the Tories and in collaboration with Draydenom wrote the play the Duke of Guise (The Duke of Guise), which sought to please the court of Charles II. Play by Constantine the Great (Constantine The Great, 1683) sounded like an apology for the Tories.

The last years of his life have been tragic Lee. In November 1684 the doctors declared him mentally ill and placed in Bedlam (Bethlehem Royal psychiatric hospital), where he remained until 1688. After the hospital he had not written a single line. Lee died in London in early May 1692.


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Nathaniel Lee (Lee Nathaniel), photo, biography
Nathaniel Lee (Lee Nathaniel), photo, biography Nathaniel Lee (Lee Nathaniel)  English playwright, considered one of the greatest authors of the tragedy of the Restoration period., photo, biography
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