Albert John Lutuli (Luthuli Albert John)( President of the African National Congress.)
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Biography Albert John Lutuli (Luthuli Albert John)
Born in Groutvile (Natal Province), his father was a translator for the mission, Congregationalists, and his uncle - the leader of the tribe abasemakholveni included in the Zulu ethnic group. After studying in a missionary school Luthuli joined the Teachers College in Adams, near Durban. He taught history and literature, has not heeded the request of elders Groutvilya take the post of leader. After attending religious conferences in India (1938) and in the U.S. (1948). In South Africa, served as chairman of the Congregational Church, President of the Conference of the missions of Natal and the executive director of the Council of Christians in South Africa.
In 1945, Luthuli joined the African National Congress (ANC) and became president of the Congress in the province of Natal. In 1952, when the ANC and South African Indian Congress conducted a campaign of resistance, Luthuli openly supported this action. In October 1952 the Government invited him to decide, he remains in the ANC or resigns as leader. In November 1952 Luthuli left his post as leader in December 1952 was elected president of the ANC.
In 1954, Luthuli joined the protest campaign against the plan of forced evictions of Africans from the outskirts Sofiyatauna in Midoulends. He was arrested in December 1956 on charges of treason, but released for lack of proof of charges. In May 1959, after speaking at a rally at the Western Cape province, was exiled to the countryside. He was forbidden to speak at meetings, because, as the court's decision, his speech aroused 'sense of hostility'.
In 1961, Luthuli was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. In his speech, when giving the award said that he sees this award as a tribute to all the supporters of democracy on both sides of the racial barrier. In 1962 a book was published Luthuli Let my people (Let My People Go).
Luthuli died in Stanger (South Africa) 21 July 1967.