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McDONALD John Alexander (Macdonald John Alexander)

( Prime Minister of Canada.)

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Biography McDONALD John Alexander (Macdonald John Alexander)
(1815-1891)
Born January 11, 1815 in Glasgow. In 1820 his parents emigrated to Canada, settling in Kingston (Ontario). In 1836, McDonald received a lawyer's license in Upper Canada, had a law practice in Kingston. In 1844 he was elected representative of Kingston in the Canadian Legislative Assembly. In 1847 joined the cabinet as a general receiver (manager disputed property), became the leader of the Liberal-Conservative Party. In the coalition cabinet Dzh.E.Karte in 1854, McDonald received the Attorney General. In 1857, became prime minister of the province, and in 1867 - Dominion of Canada. During his reign to Canada were joined in Manitoba, British Columbia and the islands of Prince Edward.
Macdonald's government fell in 1873 as a result of a so-called. "Pacific scandal", when it became clear that the election fund of the Conservative Party received secret contributions from the owners of the railway companies. However, in 1878 McDonald once again won the elections, speaking with the program introduction of protective tariffs, known as 'national policy'. In 1885, after the execution Ryel, leaders of the rebellion in the West in 1870 and 1885, McDonald has failed to maintain unity in the party, which consisted of Orange Ontario and Quebec the Conservatives, but he won re-election in 1887 and 1891. McDonald died in Ottawa on June 6, 1891.


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