McMILLAN, Harold (Macmillan Harold)( Prime Minister of Great Britain.)
Comments for McMILLAN, Harold (Macmillan Harold)
Biography McMILLAN, Harold (Macmillan Harold)
Born February 10, 1894 in Chelsea (London). He was educated at Eton and at Balliol College, Oxford University. In 1924-1929 and 1931-1945 - Member of Parliament from the Conservative Party for the District of Stockton-on-Tiiz. In the 1930's have been critical of the Government of N. Chamberlain, supported by Winston Churchill. Opposed the Munich Agreement. Was appointed minister in Churchill's War Cabinet (1940), became a British minister resident at the headquarters of the Allies in North Africa (1942-1945) and then Minister of Aviation. In 1945, lost his seat in Parliament, then was elected from the district Bromley (Kent), and during the reign of the Labor Party has become one of the most prominent opposition figures. In 1951, after coming to power of conservatives, Macmillan - Minister for Housing and Local Government, in 1954-1955 - Minister of Defense. After the Prime Minister is Mr A. Eden, Macmillan was appointed in April 1955 the Minister of Foreign Affairs, and in December the same year, led by the Ministry of Finance. In January 1957, after the resignation of Eden, Macmillan became the leader of the Conservative Party and Prime Minister. The Government had to deal with complex issues related to the failed intervention in the Suez Canal area and the deterioration of relations with the U.S..
McMillan met with President Eisenhower in Bermuda in March 1957 and in June 1958 and March 1959, visited the U.S.. The last visit took place after a meeting with Nikita Khrushchev. The biggest success of Macmillan's in these years was the resolution on the Cyprus problem, but the most severe problem - the stabilization of the British economy in connection with the country's entry into the Common Market. The differences on entry into the Common Market led to a split in the party; the summer of 1962 the Conservatives were defeated in the elections. In July, McMillan has replaced seven ministers, but the party's popularity continued to fall. After the scandal with the deployment of nuclear warheads on British submarines, which led to the veto of France to join Britain in the Common Market. In October 1963 Macmillan resigned and headed the family publishing firm. Published six volumes of memoirs - Winds of Change (Winds of Change, . 1966), . Whiff war, . 1939-1945 (Blast of War, . 1939-1945, . 1967), . Waves fate, . 1945-1955 (Tides of Fortune, . 1945-1955, . 1969), . Looming storm, . 1956-1959 (Riding the Storm, . 1956-1959, . 1971), . Specifying path, . 1959-1961 (Pointing the Way, . 1959-1961, . 1972), . At sunset of the day, . 1961-1963 (At the End of the Day, . 1961-1963, . 1974),
. In 1984 received the title of Count Stoktonskogo.
McMillan died in Birch Grove (Sussex) 29 December 1986.