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MALAN, Daniel Francois (Malan Daniel Franois)

( Prime Minister of South Africa.)

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Biography MALAN, Daniel Francois (Malan Daniel Franois)
(1874-1959)
He was born near Riebeeck West (Cape Colony), May 22, 1874. He graduated from Victoria College in Stellenbosch and the University of Utrecht. In the ten years was a priest of the Dutch Reformed Church in South Africa. Shortly after the outbreak of World War Malan became the editor of the newspaper De Burger ', mouthpiece of the National Party headed by Dzh.Gertsogom. In 1918 he was elected to Parliament from the National Party in 1919 went to the Versailles peace conference in the delegation, has unsuccessfully sought the status of an independent republic in South Africa.
In 1924 Malan was appointed Minister of Interior, Health and Education in the cabinet of the Duke. Remained a member of the Cabinet until 1933, when the Duke and Smuts formed a coalition government, and then created the United Party. Refusing to join the new party, the opposition created a 'purified' National Party.

In 1939 Malan was made (as Duke) against participation in World War II, unveiled a plan to create the republic. The May elections in 1948 the reunited National Party won. As prime minister, Malan no longer insist on complete withdrawal from the Commonwealth. Despite the failure of the UN in 1946 to meet the request of the South African Union and join him in South-West Africa, . where he managed the League of Nations mandate from 1920, . Malan in 1949 to ensure the representation of South-West Africa in Parliament and said, . would not tolerate "any interference by outside forces in our internal affairs, . the slightest infringement of our sovereign rights by the UN ',
.

In 1950 a law was passed on Resettlement of the groups, which identified areas where they could live and own property, white, colored (people of mixed African, Asian and white descent) and African (Bantu). In 1951, Malan has a law on the separation of the representation of voters, according to which color in the Cape Province were excluded from the general list of voters. In March 1952 the Court of Appeal recognized that law invalid on the grounds that he was adopted by a simple majority in parliament, rather than two-thirds vote, as demanded constitution 1910. Government Streydoma secure the necessary two-thirds majority of votes after the Senate changed the composition.

Malan was re-elected to the post of prime minister in 1953. In 1954 a law was passed on Education for the Bantu, in which control over the Bantu education system was transferred to the central government. November 30, 1954 Malan resigned. Malan died in Stellenbosch on Feb. 7, 1959.


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