Malinovsky, Bronislaw (Malinowski Bronislaw)( English anthropologist of Polish origin, one of the pioneers of 'functionalism'.)
Comments for Malinovsky, Bronislaw (Malinowski Bronislaw)
Biography Malinovsky, Bronislaw (Malinowski Bronislaw)
Born April 7, 1884 in Krakow. He received a doctorate in physics and mathematics at the University of Cracow (1908), but then became interested in anthropology, and moved to England, where he worked at the London School of Economics from 1910 to 1939. In 1927 he was appointed Professor of Social Anthropology. In 1933 he lectured at Cornell University, and in 1939-1942 he was a visiting professor at Yale University.
Field studies Malinowski spent mainly in Melanesia, first on the mail (1914), and then on the Trobriand Islands (1915-1918). The tiny community of these islands is world-famous, . became the subjects of his books: Argonauts of the Western Pacific (Argonauts of the Western Pacific, . 1922); sexual life of savages north-western Melanesia (The Sexual Life of Savages in Northwest Melanesia, . 1929), Coral Gardens and their Magic (Coral Gardens and their Magic, . 1935),
. In 1934, Malinowski visited his students working in South Africa, Northern Rhodesia, Kenya and Tanganyika, in 1940-1941 conducted a eight-month field research among the Zapotec of trading systems - the Indians of Oaxaca (Mexico)
. However, Radcliffe-Brown, Malinowski protested against the attempts of historical reconstructions and 'diffusion' explanations of cultural differences, but instead he sought to analyze the function of each cultural element in the context of the whole of society,
. A significant contribution to anthropology is his study of primitive economies, magic, myths and language. Malinowski used some of the ideas of Freud to the study of matrilineal societies in their work in the primitive psychology of the Father (The Father in Primitive Psychology, 1927). Among other publications of the scientist - Myth in primitive psychology (Myth in Primitive Psychology, 1926), Scientific Theory of Culture (A Scientific Theory of Culture, 1944), The dynamics of cultural change (The Dynamics of Culture Change, 1945).
Malinowski died in New Haven (pc. Connecticut) May 16, 1942.