John Marston (Marston John)( English poet and dramatist, author of satirical comedies.)
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Biography John Marston (Marston John)
Born in 1576, baptized on October 7 Uordingtone (Oxfordshire). Marston grew up in wealthy and educated family, his father owned a large estate in Kropredi and practiced law in Coventry and London, and his mother was the daughter of a famous Italian doctor. After graduating from Oxford University in 1594 and studied law at Marston 'Middle Temple', a member of which was at that time his father.
Already in the first literary experiments Marston proved himself as a witty and sharp critic of literary and social mores. His first poem - Making Pigmalionovoy statues (Metamorphosis of Pygmalion's Image, . 1598) - he himself defined as a parody of the famous story of Ovid's Metamorphoses, . and two published in the same year, collections of satires (Several satires - Certain Satires and meanness Beach - The Scourge of Villainy) mercilessly ridiculed literary mannerism,
. Once, in 1599 the Bishop of Canterbury, issued the decree of the burning, directed against the satirical poetry, Marston instantly found a new use for his talent, began to write pieces for the newly emerging children's theater groups.
In 1599 came Beach actor (Histrio-Mastix), followed by two burlesque - a parody of fashion at the time of the play of the suffering of lovers - Drama Fun Jack (Jack Drum's Entertainment, 1601) and Melinda and Antonio (Antonio and Melinda, 1602). These were the first experiments in Marston's satirical comedy, which he remained committed over the next six years. Exception of Antonio's Revenge (Antonio's Revenge, . 1602) - satire with elements of tragedy in the spirit of Seneca - and Sofonisba (Sophonisba, . 1606), . in which Marston has made a bold attempt to clothe in a tragic form their own version of neostoitsizma, . All his plays are in the comic satire,
. How do you want (What You Will, 1607) in 'serious fiction' spirit, in his own formulation, represents the loss and acquisition of social and personal roles. In dissatisfied (The Malcontent, 1604) - perhaps his best play - Marston gives a ruthless analysis of the ills of modern society. In the Dutch courtesan (The Dutch Courtezan, 1605) combines caustic satire and good-natured comedy. Parasite, or on foot (The Parasitaster or the Fawn, 1606) ridicules the hypocrisy.
While Marston always met with success, his literary career is full of quarrels and scandals. In the satires he twice allowed himself to touch the bishop Dzh.Holla; attack on Boris Johnson's Beach, the actor was the beginning of the literary skirmishes, which lasted until 1602 or 1603 (a so-called. "war theaters"). In 1607, Marston wrote for the theater play Coventry Fun Ashby (Ashby's Entertainment). In 1608, after a brief imprisonment, for reasons unknown to us, he sells his share in the company 'Blekfrayerz'. Around the same time there is a rough version of the insatiable countess (The Insatiate Countess) - the play, which later graduated from the U. Barksted. In 1609 Marston finally parted with the theater and moved to Oxford to take holy orders. Only in 1631, leaving the service of a priest, he returned to the city of his former theatrical glory. Marston died in London on June 25, 1634.