MATISSE Henri (Matisse Henri)( Outstanding French artist.)
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Biography MATISSE Henri (Matisse Henri)
Born December 31, 1869 in Le Cateau in northern France. In 1892 went to Paris, where he studied at the Academy Julian, and later by Gustave Moreau. The search for direct transmission of sensations with intense color, the simplified drawing and planar images were reflected in the works presented to them at the exhibition 'Wild' (Fauvism) in the Salon d'Automne 1905. In addition, Matisse was strongly influenced by the works of Islamic art, shown at the exhibition in 1903 in Munich. Two winters spent by the artist in Morocco (1912 and 1913), enriched his knowledge of oriental motifs, and a long life on the Riviera facilitated the development of a bright palette. Unlike his contemporary cubism, Matisse's art was not speculative, but based on careful study of nature and the laws of painting. His canvases, depicting female figures, still lifes and landscapes, may seem insignificant on the topic, but are the result of long study of natural forms and their bold simplification. Matisse managed harmoniously to express a direct emotional sense of reality in the most severe form of art. An excellent draftsman, Matisse was mainly colorist, seeking to effect the agreed playing time in the composition of many intense colors. Apart from the paintings of his brilliant works of famous paintings, engravings, sculptures, drawings for fabrics. One of the major works of the artist began to design and stained glass windows of the Dominican Chapel in Vence beads (1951). Matisse died in Cimiez near Nice on Nov. 3, 1954.