Julius Lothar Meyer (Meyer Julius Lothar)( German chemist.)
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Biography Julius Lothar Meyer (Meyer Julius Lothar)
Born August 19, 1830 in Varel. He studied at the University of Wц+rzburg, in 1854 received his doctorate in medicine. He worked in the laboratory of R. Bunsen at Heidelberg University (1854-1856), where he studied gas exchange in the human. From 1866 to 1870 he taught at the Forest Academy in Ebersfelde and the Polytechnic School in Karlsruhe, from 1876 was Professor of Chemistry, University of Tц+bingen. In 1860 Meyer began to study an area of chemistry, from which subsequently formed the physical chemistry. In 1864 published his theory of modern chemistry (Die modernen Theorien der Chemie), where the elements are arranged in order to change their valence. In 1870, . after Mendeleev published his On the relation between the properties of elements with their atomic weight, . an article of Meyer, . in which the base was the systematization of the elements of the relation between the atomic weights and volumes, . presented in the form of the curve,
. Another important area of scientific activity Meyer - work in the field of organic synthesis, in particular the study of the chlorination of organic compounds. In the experimental practice of Inorganic Chemistry, Meyer introduced reductants such as hydrogen iodide and red phosphorus.
In 1882 Meier was awarded the Medal of Davey G.. Meyer died in Tц+bingen April 11, 1895.