Gian Carlo Menotti (Menotti Gian Carlo)( Italian-American composer and librettist, one of the most famous opera authors 20 in.)
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Biography Gian Carlo Menotti (Menotti Gian Carlo)
Born July 7, 1911 in Kadelyano (near Milan). In 1923 he entered the Milan Conservatory, in 17 years went to the United States, having received a scholarship to study composition at Curtis Institute of Philadelphia Musical. He graduated from the institute in 1933 and in the same year completed his first opera at the ball, Amelia (Amelia goes to the Ball, staged in the 'Metropolitan Opera' in 1938). Among other operas of the composer: Old Maid and the Thief (The Old Maid and the Thief, . 1939, . written on request TV and Radio NBC); God of the island (The Island God, . 1942, . subsequently destroyed by the author), Medium (The Medium, . 1946); Phone (The Telephone, . 1947) and Consul (The Consul, . 1950),
. Consul - the first three-act opera Menotti, she received the Pulitzer Prize (1950), translated into 12 languages and staged in 22 countries. Amal and the night visitors (Amahl and the Night Visitors, 1951) - created and commissioned by NBC teleopera, which each year at Christmas is demonstrated by this channel. Later opera composer: Saint of Bleeker Street (The Saint of Bleecker Street, . 1954, Pulitzer Prize 1955); Maria Golovin (Maria Golovin, . 1958; premiere held at the World Exhibition in Brussels), comic opera last savage (The Last Savage, . 1963), . Lie Martin (Martin's Lie, . 1964); to the aid, . globolinki go! (Help! Help! The Globolinks Are Coming, . 1968, . opera about aliens from another planet), . Tamu-Tamu (Tamu-Tamu, . 1973) and Crazy (La Loca, . 1979),
. Among the works of other genres: Unicorn, . Gorgon and the Manticore (The Unicorn, . the Gorgon and the Manticore, . 1956, . essay, . composer called 'madrigal fable'); orchestral suite Sebastian (The Sebastian suite, . 1944, . for the ballet), Apocalypse (Apocalypse) for Orchestra, Violin Concerto in A minor (1954): Piano Concerto in F major (1948) and the dramatic cantata The Death of the Bishop of Brindisi (The Death of thп¦ Bishop of Brindisi, . 1963),
Menotti wrote the libretto himself to stage work. They created the libretto S. Barbera Vanessa (the premiere of 'Metropolitan Opera' in 1958). Dramatic play Menotti Double Madame Opik (A Copy of Madame Aupic) with success presents in Paris in 1959. Activities Menotti always differs versatility: he has taught composition, put movies and wrote scripts for them, wrote plays for television. In 1958 Menotti founded the 'Festival of Two Worlds' in the Italian town of Spoleto. Since 1974 composer living in Scotland.