MILLS Robert (Mills Robert)( American architect and engineer, one of the first professional architects in the United States.)
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Biography MILLS Robert (Mills Robert)
Most of his works performed in neo-classical forms, the creative originality of the method of Mills was manifested primarily in the development of plans and structures in solving problems of acoustics and fire safety.
Mills was born in Charleston (pc. South Carolina), August 12, 1781. At the beginning of his career, he was a draftsman for Thomas Jefferson, and then from 1803 to 1808 he worked with B. Latrobom, sponsored the building of the U.S. Congress. The first independent work of Mills became an addition to Independence Hall in Philadelphia. In 1836, after the construction of several churches and a number of public buildings, he was appointed architect of government buildings and held this position until 1851. Among the largest projects undertaken by them over the years - Treasury Building, the Old Post Office and the Patent Office in Washington,.
Glory Mills brought the creation of the order of Congress to George Washington Monument in Baltimore (pc. Maryland, started in 1815) and Washington (begun in 1848). The first of these is a huge pillar, crowned with a statue of Washington Kauzichi. In the construction of the second, completed in 1884, after the death of the author, was elevated to the pantheon of multi-column, which, in its original conception, was to be at the foot of the monument. Brilliant engineering ability Mills appeared to create the Upper Ferry Bridge over the River Skulkill in Philadelphia, who had at that time the widest span (105 m). Mills is also the author of several books, including a treatise on navigation on the rivers (1820), Statistics of South Carolina (1826) and American Pharos, or lighthouse on Targeting (1832). Mills died in Washington March 3, 1855.