MICHELIN Jules (Michelet Jules)( French historian.)
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Biography MICHELIN Jules (Michelet Jules)
Born in Paris on August 21, 1798. He became professor of history at the Lyceum Saint Barbe (1822), and then Ecole Normale SupцLrieure (1827). Translated into French new science Giambattista Vico. In 1831 published his Introduction to the universal history (Introduction l'histoire universelle) and Roman history (Histoire romaine), thanks to which became known. Since 1833 came out in the light of the volume of his History of France (Histoire de France, 17 tt., 1833-1867).
In 1838, Michelet became a professor of the College de France. The presentation of the moral and political views can be found in the book people (Le Peuple, 1846). In 1847-1853 Michelet published a work history of the French Revolution (Histoire de la rvolution franaise). In 1852, refused to swear allegiance to Louis Napoleon, left the service and completed work on the history of France, to which in 1869 wrote the foreword.
Michelet attempted to withdraw from their historical thinking 'religious philosophy of the people', based on the needs and in justice, and love. These ideas are contained in the works: Banquet (Banquet, 1854), Love (L'Amour, 1858), Woman (La Femme, 1860), The Witch (La Sorcire, 1862), the Bible of humanity (La Bible de l'Humanit, 1864) Our sons and (Nos fils, 1869). Later his interests spread to other areas; exaltation of harmony and unity of the divine nature can be found in his works: Bird (L'Oiseau, 1856), insect (L'Insecte, 1857), Sea (La Mer, 1861) and mountain (La Montagne, 1868). France's defeat in the war with Prussia in 1870 and the revival of the republic returned to the Michelet's history of the French Republic. Among the works of this period - in the face of Europe, France (La France devant l'Europe, 1871), the first two volumes of History of the nineteenth century (Histoire du XIX sicle, 1872-1873).
Died Michelet Hyц¬res February 9, 1874.