MORSE, Samuel Finley Breeze( American artist and inventor.)
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Biography MORSE, Samuel Finley Breeze
Born April 27, 1791 in Charlztaune (pc. Mass.). He studied at Yale University (1807-1811), where a course of lectures on the then new field of physics - electricity. In 1811 went to England, he studied painting at the Royal Academy of Arts and Studio B on DVD. Returning in 1815 in the United States, intended to paint historical and religious themes, but could not find customers, and engaged in portrait painting. In 1824 he settled in New York, where he received an order for a portrait of the Marquis de Lafayette, committed in that time, a trip to America. In 1829 again went to Europe to study the works of old masters. Hoped to receive the order to write a historical panels for four more empty panels in the Rotunda of the Capitol building. In Europe, Morse had the idea to paint a picture that would be interested in Americans who have never seen the masterpieces of world art. It appeared his best known painting gallery of the Louvre, in the background which is depicted in miniature masterpieces as many as could fit canvas. In 1832, Morse returned to America and received the position of professor of drawing and painting at New York University.
Interest in electricity and telegraphy arose in Morse code, is believed to be at a time when he returned from Europe. On board were talking about the experiments of Faraday on electromagnetism - 'extracting the sparks of the magnet'. Morse had the idea that a combination of sparks can be used as a code for sending messages. During the month voyage he made a few preliminary drawings, and on arrival in America, built an electromagnetic telegraph. In 1837 he demonstrated the invention at New York University. In 1838, Morse developed a special code (Morse code) and sent the first telegraphic message: 'marvelous are thy works, O Lord! "
Morse died in New York on April 2, 1872.