MORRIS, William (Morris William)( The English poet, artist, social activist.)
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Biography MORRIS, William (Morris William)
Born March 24, 1834 in Uoltemstou. In February 1848 went to Marlborough College, intending to further study at Oxford University. Awareness in church architecture, archeology and medieval history to life defined his commitment to the Middle Ages. In 1856, at Exeter College, Oxford University, received a Bachelor of Arts in 1883 - the degree of Master of Arts. In the years of training Morris became interested in social issues. Shortly before his marriage to Jane Burden Morris founded in 1859, finishing company, which was connected life. Then he tries to force the first time in poetry. The first notable poetic publication - a collection of protection Ginevra (The Defence of Guenevere, . 1858); then followed a poem on the theme of the myth of the Argonauts The Life and Death of Jason (The Life and Death of Jason, . 1867) and the cycle of verse novels Earthly Paradise (The Earthly Paradise, . 1868-1870), . built along the lines of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales and to consolidate the reputation of a talented poet Morris,
. The flowering of his poetic talent by a handful Legend of Sigurd Volsunge and fall of the Nibelungen (The Story of Sigurd the Volsung and the Fall of the Niblungs, 1876).
Later Morris literary output consisted mainly of translations, lectures on art and architecture, novels, and promoting socialist ideas. Among the translated - Saga Volsunga (Volsunga Saga, 1870), Aeneid (The Aeneids of Virgil, 1867) and Odysseus (The Odyssey of Homer, 1887). Best Morris lectures on architecture and art, the fruits of his work-based Society of Arts and Crafts Society and the protection of ancient buildings were included in the book The Art of. Hopes and fears (Hopes and Fears for Art, 1882) and Architecture, industry and wealth (Architecture, Industry and Wealth, 1902). Creativity Morris, a socialist, . when he was a member of the Social Democratic Federation and Socialist League, . includes his lectures, . Dream about the story of John Ball (A Dream of John Ball, . 1888), . novel-utopia News from nowhere (News from Nowhere, . 1891), . poems in the collection Poems in passing (Poems by the Way, . 1891),
. Morris's novels, which many critics consider his most significant works that are original in conception and incarnation, though doubtless written under the influence of early Icelandic folklore and the Homeric epic
. In 1891, Morris moved away from active participation in socialist organizations and devoted all the time for your company, . as well as the activities of various societies, art wing, . in which he was, . and organized them to publishers 'Kelmskott Press',
. Morris died in London on October 3, 1896.