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MOHAMMED

( Founder of Islam.)

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Biography MOHAMMED
(ca. 570-632)
Born in Mecca. His father died before the birth of Muhammad, and his mother - shortly after his birth, and therefore brought his grandfather and uncle. At the age of 25 he married Khadija, a rich and noble widow, the marriage gave Muhammad a feeling of home comfort and happiness.
On the threshold of 40 years of Muhammad's revelation befell. Speaking against the idolatry of their fellow Quraish and the dominance of the aristocracy - the keepers of the Kaaba, Muhammad completely broke with idolatry.

Already in the first public statement by Muhammad a Prophet of God revealed himself to anger, disbelief and witness against the preacher of divine justice. Meccans greeted the idea with derision and contempt of Muhammad. Persecuted in his hometown, Muhammad moved to 622 (the year of hijra) to Medina (Yathrib), the city of his uncle on the maternal side. There he became a respected ruler, majestic and awesome, and resolve disputes between Muslims, Jews and Gentiles. War of the Prophet Muhammad and his relatives, complete victory of Islamic forces. Mohammed returned to his native city, destroyed the idols in the Ka'ba and eradicated paganism. Shortly after the Hijra Muhammad had married young Aisha.

Religious mission of Muhammad. The central message of Muhammad - the belief in life after death. The first phase of his ministry in Mecca, began with a warning about the ship and the bottom of retribution: 'Truly - the day of separation is a certain period of time that day when poduyut the trumpet, and you come in crowds. And the sky will open and the gates will be: Truly, . Gehenna - ambush, . for transgressors - Return, . where they stay for a century, . there is no tasting neither coolness nor any drink: But for God-fearing there is a place of salvation, . orchards and vineyards, . and buxom counterparts, . and a cup full,
. : recompense from thy Lord - a gift: '(Quran 78:17-36).

So Mohammed proclaimed a new religion - Islam (which means submission to the will and the establishment of a single God). It contains a message in the Koran, which they see the miracle of faith, not labor Muhammad.

In the maelstrom of conflict of numerous trends, sects and heresies, for social, cultural and political transformations that have marked the history of Islam, the image of Mohammed is a factor uniting Muslims. In folk religion originated cult of Mohammed, but the strict orthodoxy regards it solely as a man, while recognizing that the divine plan, execution of which Mohammed has devoted his life.


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