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Neander, Johann August Wilhelm

( German evangelical church historian, who is called 'the father of modern church history. ")

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Biography Neander, Johann August Wilhelm
(1789-1850)
Born in Gottingen, 17 January 1789 in the family of a Jewish merchant. Mother was a relative of the famous philosopher Moses Mendelssohn. In 1805 he graduated from high school in Hamburg. Under the influence of Schleiermacher, Speeches Books on religion ... and communication with the Christians converted to Christianity (baptized in the Evangelical Church in Hamburg in 1806, taking a symbolic name - neander Greek 'new man'). He studied theology at the universities of GцTttingen and Heidelberg. In 1811 he defended his thesis gabilitatsionnuyu (giving the right to occupy professorial positions) to Clement of Alexandria. In 1812 became extraordinary professor at Heidelberg University in 1813 - a professor of church history at the University of Berlin

. The main difficulty of life in August Neander was his General History of the Christian religion and church (Allgemeine Geschichte der christlichen Religion und Kirche, . 5 volumes, . 1825-1842; in 1852 released the sixth volume), . earned him the reputation of the founder of the modern evangelical church historiography,
. Church History Neander considered in terms of piety (his favorite saying was 'Pectus est, quod theologum facit' - 'theologian makes the heart'). Ecclesiastical History Neander had a strong influence on the development of ecclesiastical historiography, not only in Germany but in Russia.

Among other works - a monograph on Bernard of Clairvaux, John Chrysostom, The Life of Jesus Christ (Das Leben Jesu Christi).

Died Neander in Berlin on July 14, 1850.


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