Gerard de Nerval (Nerval Grard de)( French Romantic poet, playwright and novelist)
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Biography Gerard de Nerval (Nerval Grard de)
(1808-1855), pseudonym of the French romantic poet, playwright and novelist Gerard Labryuni (Labrunie). Nerval was born May 22, 1808 in Paris, in a military family physician. Educated in Paris LycцLe Charlemagne, where he met with many future writers of the romantic 1830. Tying the beginning of his literary activity of friendly relations with T. Gautier, Victor Hugo, etc., Nerval published his first poems in a collection titled Napoleon and gallant France (Napolon et la France guerrire, 1826). In 1828 he published a translation of the first part of Faust, Goethe himself Nakhichivan. After 1830 Nerval took part in the prevailing literary battles, turned to drama. Despite the cooperation with A.Dyuma-father, Nerval, and did not manage to write a play that would have success with the public. Upon learning that the object of his passion, the actress Jenny Colon married another, he launched into a random wanderings, and the news of her death, went to the East. His informative Scenes eastern life (Scnes de la vie orientale) came out in the world since 1846, but on his return to Paris he is becoming more bouts of mental illness. Hallucinations, experienced periods of insanity, described them in prose tale Aurelius (Aurlia, 1855). This is a bizarre piece, in which dreams are inseparable from reality, enjoyed great success with the French Surrealists in 1920. However, the most artistically perfect of novels Nerval is Sylvia (Sylvie, 1853) - pastoral teenager autobiography. Eventually, exhausted by poverty and constant bouts of insanity, Nerval January 26, 1855 was found in a loop in one of the corners of Paris.
When life Nerval his poems were published in periodicals or in addition to his prose. The first edition, which makes you appreciate the depth of his poetic talent, appeared only in 1877.