(43 BC. - 17 or 18 AD)
Ovid was born in g.Sulmon in the Apennines (now Sulmona, about 140 kilometers east of Rome), a wealthy provincial family. Ovid with his brother, who was a year older, had studied together in Rome. The death of his brother that befell him at the age of twenty years, has made a strong impression on Ovid. Ovid has shown exceptional ability in the field of rhetoric and was engaged in politics, but the passion for poetry has prevailed, and soon became a member of the circle Ovid aristocrat Mark Valeria Messaly. Virgil, he had seen only once, he attended the Horace reading his poetry, was familiar with Propertius and Tibull and many other poets. After completing his education in Athens, Ovid traveled to the eastern Mediterranean, where he was accompanied by the poet Heinrich Macro, and then, after spending several months in Sicily, he returned to Rome where he entered the Society vysokosvetskoe. The first two marriages ended in divorce Ovid (probably in the second had a daughter), the third failed to destroy even the expulsion.
In 8 BC. Emperor Augustus suddenly sent into exile to the poet Thomas (sovr. Constanta). For the exile, there were two reasons - 'an insult and a mistake'. Insult, of course, need to see in immoral frivolity of Ovid's poem written by Art of Love (Ars amatoria). This overwrought gaud appeared about eight years earlier, that unfortunately coincided with the scandal that erupted because of adultery, the emperor's daughter Julia. However, the anger of Augustus (who had long struggled with promiscuity) started only now, when a similar story has been engaged daughter Julia, Julia Junior. What was the 'error' poet mystery. Here Ovid is limited to just a hint. He accidentally witnessed something ill (and, probably, this did not carry). Some researchers (most of them) believe, . that Ovid played the role of trustee in the affair Julia, . others think, . that he was aware of dynastic intrigue to deprive Tiberius, . son of the Empress of Libya from a previous marriage, . Human heir,
Ovid was on the island of Elba, where the disaster struck. If a court took place, then held it in secret. The property was confiscated by the poet and his beloved wife against the will remain in Rome to plead for clemency. Belief in the devotion of his wife and gradually fading hopes of the imperial grace Ovid were the only consolation in volumes, rundown strengthening, based on the Greek frontier barbarian world. After the death of Augustus, followed at 14, hopes Ovid again briefly revived, but no response from the successor of the emperor Tiberius, the nephew and adoptive son Germanicus which he petitioned, the poet did not find. Intending to devote his last Fast, Ovid even began to bring the poem in order. By the end of life resigned to the fate of Ovid.
See. also ROME, ANCIENT.
Love poetry. With the exception of the Metamorphoses and Galievtiki (fragmented and, . perhaps, . spurious treatise on marine fisheries), . written hexameters, . all other works of Ovid composed elegiac distihom, . representing an alternation of hexameter and pentameter lines,
. These poems are graceful, even brilliant, but in general, produce more monotonous impression. This size perfectly suited for jokes, and for the love feelings, he is able to transfer rhetorically augmented sensory. Love Elegies (Amores) originally appeared in five books, but OK. 1 BC. Ovid reissued them in three books, and in this form they came to us. Bulk of these poems dedicated to love. In accordance with Roman tradition, these poems develop or vary the plot moves of the new Greek comedy and its successors Latin (Plautus, Terence, and others). Most researchers believe that Corinne - a fictional character. Heroines (Heroides) constitute a complaint mythical heroines to have left them or change their sweethearts. It found similarities with some of the monologues of Greek tragedy, as well as the influence of Roman rhetorical schools. The ingenuity of the game nuances and allusions, apparently, appreciated the Roman audience. The first fifteen verses heroines appeared to 1 BC. Stylistic features of the last six show their more recent origin. These last six elegies are connected in pairs: the heroine's response is attached to the message of the hero. They are in no way inferior to the earlier messages, and emerging conflicts within couples make them more interesting. Funds to care for female face (Medicamina faciei femineae), poetry textbook cosmetics, probably thought the author wrote about love as a parody of the spread at the time the genre of poetic treatises on any subject. Soon after lead was created poem Art of Love (Ars amatoria) in three songs. The poem is a real comedy of manners in the form drawn up by a teacher guide to love courtship, which described how to find a mistress, and how to hold her back, and give similar advice to girls. Since there were meant only demi-monde, then Ovid could invoke the formally justifying its fact that he did not encourage adultery. Art of Love with complementary remedy for love (Remedia amoris) is the most brilliant and most famous in modern times a creation Ovid.
. Metamorphoses and Fast