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OKSENSHERNA Axel Gustavsson (Oxenstierna Axel Gustavsson)

( Swedish statesman.)

Comments for OKSENSHERNA Axel Gustavsson (Oxenstierna Axel Gustavsson)
Biography OKSENSHERNA Axel Gustavsson (Oxenstierna Axel Gustavsson)
photo OKSENSHERNA Axel Gustavsson (Oxenstierna Axel Gustavsson)
(1583-1654)
Was born in Fano (near Uppsala) 16 June 1583, studied in Rostock and other universities in Germany. In June 1609 became a member of the State Council of Sweden. Through merit and character Oksensherna took the leading position in the council. In 1612, Gustav II Adolf appointed him to the post of Chancellor. Oksensherna he reformed the administrative system, on his initiative was the reorganization of local and central government. Oksensherna played a crucial role in concluding agreements with foreign powers, to sign the Treaty of Knred peace with Denmark (1613) to the Altmark armistice with Poland (1629). From 1626 to 1631 was Governor-General of occupied Prussia. Organized in the Prussian ports collection duties, which gave Sweden the necessary tools for waging wars in 1627-1635. In 1631 joined the King in Germany and successfully commanded the Swedish armies.
Established Oksenshernoy Heylbronskaya League (1633) was the implementation of the ideas of Gustav on the Corpus evangelicorum (Protestant Union), and Oksensherna was the first and only its head. Dissension among the Germanic Protestant states led to the collapse of the League. Since 1635 Oksensherna was the most powerful advocate of continuing the war. It was his determination to Sweden is obliged to favorable terms of the Peace of Westphalia in 1648.

As chancellor, Oksensherna was one of the five regents of Sweden at the time of the minority of Christina. Likely to be 'a form of government' - a law passed by Parliament in 1634 riksrodom. After returning to Sweden in 1636 for eight years has remained the de facto ruler of the country. On his orders in 1643 was an attack on Denmark, under his dictation was made profitable for Swedish Treaty of BrTmsebro (1645). Died Oksensherna in Stockholm on August 28, 1654.


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OKSENSHERNA Axel Gustavsson (Oxenstierna Axel Gustavsson), photo, biography
OKSENSHERNA Axel Gustavsson (Oxenstierna Axel Gustavsson), photo, biography OKSENSHERNA Axel Gustavsson (Oxenstierna Axel Gustavsson)  Swedish statesman., photo, biography
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