Jose Clemente Orozco (Orozco Jose Clemente)( Mexican painter and graphic artist, one of the major innovators in the field of 20 in the monumental painting.)
Comments for Jose Clemente Orozco (Orozco Jose Clemente)
Biography Jose Clemente Orozco (Orozco Jose Clemente)
Born November 23, 1883 in Sapotlane (pc. Jalisco, Mexico). After four years spent at the National University (1900-1904), studied architectural design at the Academy of San Carlos and worked as a draftsman. Orozco did not receive professional training as a painter, but architectural training played an important role in his artistic development. Orozco was a member of the Mexican Revolution 1910-1917, and one of the founders 'Syndicate of the revolutionary painters, sculptors and engravers'.
The first exhibition of works by Orozco was held in 1915, and since then he has created many works (monumental murals, easel paintings and lithographs) in Mexico and the U.S.. Among the most significant works in the field of monumental painting that he created in the U.S. - Prometheus at Pomona College in Claremont (pc. California); human struggle (1930-1931) at the New School for Social Research in New York and American Civilization (1932-1934) at Dartmouth College in Hanover (pc. New Hampshire). In Mexico, Orozco completed murals in the Palace of Fine Arts in Mexico City (1934), university (1936), in the hospital Kavanyas (1938-1939) in Guadalajara, as well as in the Supreme Court building (1941) in Mexico City. In 1949 in Guadalajara, a museum-workshop of the artist. Orozco died in Mexico City on Sept. 7, 1949.