Giovanni Paisiello (Paisiello Giovanni)( Italian composer, author of comic opera, singer and instrumentalist.)
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Biography Giovanni Paisiello (Paisiello Giovanni)
Born May 8, 1740 in Taranto in Sicily. Teacher at the Jesuit school attended by the boy, persuaded his father to send his son Giovanni in the Conservatory of St.. Onuphry in Naples, where Paisiello studied for nine years (from 1754)
. Endowed with a living sense of humor and ability to make fun of himself and others, . Paisiello find out their abilities in composing comic operas, he delighted the audience with a series of works, . are always a success were set in major cities in Italy,
In 1776, Paisiello was invited to Russia's Empress Catherine II and went to St. Petersburg. While working at the Russian Court (1776-1784), composed the opera The Barber of Seville (Il Barbiere di Siviglia, 1782), presented during a visit to Russia, a sailor John Paul Jones, hero of the American War of Independence. Jones invited the composer to write a revolutionary anthem for the United States, but Paisiello rejected the proposal, saying that America is much more in need of new laws, rather than in such a trifle as music for national anthem.
Upon successful completion of service in Russia Paisiello worked in Vienna, where he wrote 12 symphonies, commissioned by Emperor Joseph II and the opera King Theodore in Venice (Il re Teodoro in Venezia, 1784). Returning to his native Naples at a time when there was proclaimed a republic, Paisiello was treated kindly by the new government and was promoted to Director of Music Neapolitan Republic. With the restoration of the monarchy, he lost the presidency, but his services were needed to Napoleon, who wished to Paisiello organized and headed the imperial chapel. In France, Paisiello received as generous reward, as earlier in Russia than to arouse the jealousy of other courtiers, musicians. For France, he wrote many operas, and even tried to compose an opera on the French libretto (Proserpine, 1803). However, it was not a success, Paisiello despondent and convinced Napoleon to let him go to Naples, referring to his wife's illness.
At home Paisiello happily live the rest of his days. Was quite well, receiving a pension from the various monarchs, who had served previously. Died Paisiello in Naples, June 5, 1816.