PANOL Marcel (Pagnol Marcel)( French playwright and filmmaker.)
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Biography PANOL Marcel (Pagnol Marcel)
Born February 25, 1895 in a suburb of Marseille. At an early age showed an interest in drama, but went to his father's footsteps and became a teacher. Returning from the front after the First World War, he moved to Paris and began to teach English. Glory playwright came to Panolyu in 1928 after staging his plays Topaz (Topaz). In 1930 he first saw the movie sound and decided to devote himself to cinema, creating in 1931 his own company to produce films. Previous on the basis of his trilogy of plays about the working port of Marseilles (Marius - Marius, 1931; Fanny - Fanny, 1932, Cesar - Csar, 1936) brought him international fame
. Focusing on dialogue Panolya initially gave him a reputation as a 'filmed theater', . but his subsequent films - these, . as Angela (Angle, . 1934) and Harvest (Regain, . 1937), . - Proved, . that the main object of his attention is the nature of,
. One of his favorite themes - the return of rights to land - are devoted to films Geoffroy (Jofroi, 1934), Vintage and Manon streams (Manon des sources, 1952). The simplicity and naturalness with which Panol shows the life of French peasants, compares it with the Italian neo-realists and Jean Renoir
. Among other films Panolya - three film version of his play Topaz (1933, . 1936 and 1951), . Merlyus (Merlusse, . 1935), . The wife of a baker (La Femme de boulanger, . 1938), . Daughter digger (La Fille du puisatier, . 1940), . Nais (Nais, . 1946), . Miller's Beautiful (La Belle Meunire, . 1948), . Carnival (Carnaval, . 1953) and Letters from my mill (Les Lettres de mon moulin, . 1954),
Panol became the first filmmakers, elected as a member of the French Academy (1946). Panol died in Paris on April 18, 1974.