Jean-Baptiste Pigalle (Pigalle Jean Baptiste)( French sculptor.)
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Biography Jean-Baptiste Pigalle (Pigalle Jean Baptiste)
Born in Paris on January 26, 1714. He studied at the Robert Le Lorrain and Jean Baptiste Lemoine, and then, in 1736-1739, to enhance their knowledge and experience during their stay in Rome. His style was formed under the influence of the ancient and the contemporary Italian art. Pigalle has become one of the greatest masters of his time. In 1744 a statue of Mercury, knotted sandals (Paris, Louvre), he was elected a member of the Academy. In this work the sculptor has found a simple artistic design, which were the embodiment of classic and naturalistic tendencies 18. In 1750-1758 he worked under orders Pigalle Madame de Pompadour, and made several of her portraits, and allegorical sculpture composition Love and Friendship (1753-1758, Paris, Louvre).
From 1752 he taught at the Academy of Pigalle, and in January 1785 became its president. Died Pigalle in Paris on Aug. 20, 1785.
Among the works Pigalle - Statue of Our Lady and CB. Eustace in the church of Saint Eustache (1745-1748), and CB. Sulpicius in the church of Saint Sulpice in Paris, the charming figures of children (A boy with a cage, 1750, Louvre), portraits (Portrait of Diderot, 1777, ibid). He is also the author of a number of gravestones. One of the most famous works in this genre - Tombstone Marshal Saxe (1753-1776, the church of Saint Thomas in Strasbourg).