Sarvepalli RADHAKRISHNAN (Radhakrishnan Sarvepalli)( Indian philosopher, religious, social and political activist, one of the representatives of neo-Hindu.)
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Biography Sarvepalli RADHAKRISHNAN (Radhakrishnan Sarvepalli)
Born September 5, 1888 in Tirrutani (Andhra Pradesh) in the educated Brahmin family, was traditionally Indian and European education. In 1918-1921 Radhakrishnan, professor at the University of Mysore, . 1921-1931 professor at the University of Calcutta, . in 1931-1936 Vice-President Andhran University, . in 1938-1948 Benares Hindu University and in 1946-1952 the head of the Indian Mission to UNESCO, . 1949-1952 Ambassador of India in USSR, . in the 1953-1962 president of the University of Delhi, in 1952-1962 Vice-President of India, in 1962-1967 the President of India,
. Radhakrishnan died at Madras 17 April 1975.
Radhakrishnan - author of numerous lectures (pronounced as in India and abroad - mainly in Britain and the U.S.) and books. In the two-volume Indian Philosophy (1923-1927) profound erudition combined with consciously applied Comparative approach. Book Indian way of life (1927) was intended for a Western audience: Hindu mentality appears here as a 'religious entities' - as opposed to 'religious object' of Judaism, . Christianity and Islam, the Indian mentality as a whole - as intuitionism, . aimed at the 'implementation' of truth as opposed to the rationalism of Western thought, . focused on its speculative assimilation; here undertaken a modern interpretation of the key Hindu concepts of 'karma', . 'Samsara', . 'dharma', etc., . typical for the neo-Hindu, Hinduism, perfectly compatible, . by Radhakrishnan, . with the revelations of the founders of world religions,
. The books idealist view of life (1932) and Eastern religions and Western thought (1939) Radhakrishnan its belief in the unity of the world's philosophical idealism - from Plato to Hegel and Berkeley, which corresponds to the idealism of the Vedanta. The combination of Western scientism and Indian mysticism (under the auspices of the Vedanta) could create opportunities for the world's spiritual synthesis. In a detailed annotated translations of sutras Vedanta Brahma Sutra: philosophy of spiritual life (1960) Radhakrishnan, . and also translated the Bhagavad Gita, . and the main Upanishads, . serves Role founding of the medieval schools of Vedanta, . who commented on all the 'three treasures' vedantiyskoy tradition,
Cross-cutting idea of almost all the works of Radhakrishnan - the creation of grand synthesis - 'eternal religion' and 'eternal philosophy', which should include the best achievements of world religious and philosophical thought. 'Eternal religion' is 'Sanatana Dharma' (lit.. 'eternal dharma'), which lies beyond any particular religion, which in themselves, outside the 'core', are empty shells, able only to divide people. 'Eternal philosophy' (or 'universal philosophy') also includes the idea and 'prophets of the Upanishads', and the Buddha, and Plato to Plotinus, as well as all the best in the world of philosophy.