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RANK, Otto (Rank Otto)

( Austrian psychologist.)

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Biography RANK, Otto (Rank Otto)
(1884-1939)
Born in Vienna on April 22, 1884. Been influenced by Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, and Freud's early works. In 1905, Rank, Freud drew attention to his work on the artist's role in the evolution of culture, which he praised. His book artist (Der Knstler, 1907) was later expanded and revised, receiving the name of Art and Artist (Art and Artist, 1932).
For a well-known work The Myth of the birth of the hero (Der Mythus der Geburt des Heldens, 1909) followed by a motif of incest in poetry and saga (Das Inzest-Motiv in Dichtung und Sage, 1912). 1913 Rank defended his doctoral dissertation at the University of Vienna, from 1912 to 1924 was editor of the first psychoanalytic journals 'Imago' ( 'Imago') and 'International psychoanalytic journal' ( 'Internationale Zeitschrift fr Psychoanalyse').

The first major work in the field of psychoanalysis Rank - Trauma of birth (Das Trauma der Geburt, 1924), although it was dedicated to Freud, provoked accusations of backsliding on Freudian principles. Three-volume work technique of psychoanalysis (Technik der Psychoanalyse, 1926-1931) was devoted to presenting his own psychotherapeutic method. Rank believed the patient's resistance to treatment and a positive factor used in the treatment of suppressed creativity neurotic. During this period, the scientist wrote a work on genetic psychology (Grundzge einer Genetischen Psychologie, 1927-1928), who summed up the theoretical basis for psychotherapeutic method.

In this paper, Art and the artist scientist summed up his research on the role of creativity in human development, which was engaged in life. Book Psychology and the belief in the existence of the soul (Seelenglaube und Psychologie, 1930) is characterized by an interest in the history of civilization. Hypotheses expressed in this book have found their logical culmination in the work on the other side of psychology (Beyond Psychology, 1941).

Rank died in New York on October 31, 1939.


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