Robert Rauschenberg (Rauschenberg Robert)( American artist)
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Biography Robert Rauschenberg (Rauschenberg Robert)
He worked mainly in the technique of collage and Readymade, continuing the tradition of coming from the art of Cubism and Art of Marcel Duchamp. Preparation works of art from non-mutual relationship of elements, one of which is the paint, is deeply rooted in contemporary art. Combinations Rauschenberg reflect the pace of development and the energy of mass urban and technocratic culture, . which replaced the work of the artist on paper or canvas came the flow of information, . transmitted through photos, . computers, . newspapers, etc.,
Rauschenberg was born Oct. 22, 1925 in Port Arthur (pc. Texas). He studied at the Art Institute in Kansas City, at the Academy Julian in Paris and at Black Mountain College in North Carolina.
In 1949, Rauschenberg settled in New York. In 1958 was organized by his personal exhibition at the Castelli Gallery, . through which he became known: the glory of Rauschenberg has reached its climax in 1977, . when he toured America with his retrospective exhibition, . opened at the Museum of Fine Arts in Washington, DC,
Rauschenberg's early works were an attempt to get rid of the stereotypes of 'painterly method' and lofty goals of the traditional art. For example, he erased the drawing by Willem de Kooning, and put it under the name erased de Kooning. During the 1950's in the works of Rauschenberg gradually increased the number of real objects - newspaper photographs, . pieces of tissue, . tree, . cans, . Herbs, . stuffed animals - until, . not yet achieved a sense, . that the canvas or the whole composition is about to break out in some other world, . strangely distorted reality,
. Two key works Rauschenberg - collages Bed (1955) and Monogram (1955-1959). The first of these is a real bed Rauschenberg, splattered with paint and attached vertically, like a picture, the second collage was decorated with a stuffed angora goat. In the sixties, Rauschenberg began to organize performances, work with engineers and use a variety of printed materials, he sought to express the complexity and multi-layered existence of modern industrial society. In the 1980's were published several albums photos Rauschenberg, . which were the logical culmination of the frequent use of photographic material in collages and the embodiment of the submission of the author of the world as absurd piling images.,