Rainer Maria Rilke (Rilke Rainer Maria)( Austrian poet.)
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Biography Rainer Maria Rilke (Rilke Rainer Maria)
Born Dec. 4, 1875 in Prague. Unhappy childhood and five years of training in a military school in St. Polten has left an indelible impression on his sensitive nature and forever dwell in him a feeling of loneliness.
Early poetry of Rilke's poetry is typical of neo-romanticism. His collection crowned dreams (Traumgekrnt, 1897), filled with vague dreams with a touch of mysticism, vivid imagery and found uncommon own rhythm, size, methods of alliteration and melody of speech. Careful study of the heritage of the Danish poet JP Jacobsen (1847-1885) raised the hopes and abound in its strict sense of responsibility. Two trips to Russia, his 'spiritual home' (1899 and 1900), resulted in a collection of Book of Hours (Das Stundenbuch, 1899-1903), in which the melody sounds incessant prayer to God, non-dogmatic understood by future. Prosaic addition to Chasoslovu began Stories of the Good God (Geschichten vom lieben Gott, 1900).
Rilke's characteristic desire 'to live among the crowd, but in time to be homeless' determined the fate of his solitary and forlorn. Rilke's got a family coat of arms, . naively believing in themselves as belonging to the ancient Knights clan, . - Is a fallacy perpetuated his impressionistic prose poem in the Song of love and death of Cornet Christoph Rilke (Die Weise von Liebe und Tod des Kornets Christoph Rilke, . 1906),
From 1900 to 1902 Rilke lived near the colony of artists Worpswede, in 1901 he married Clara Vesthof. Constraint in the media and artistic quest led him to Paris, where he had the opportunity to communicate with the sculptor Rodin O.. The French impressionist painting, and poetry as symbolic impact on the poetry of Rilke, . which acquired plasticity, . breadth of the range and focus on the transfer of the immutable essence of things (New poem - Neue Gedichte, . 1903-1908),
. Biggest prosaic work of Rilke, versatile decadent novel Notes Malta Lauridsen Briggs (Die Aufzeichnungen des Malte Laurids Brigge, 1911), reveals diverse effects on the susceptibility of Paris aestheticism Rilke.
The First World War forced him to leave France at the time. In 1922, long suppressed creative tension eased in difficult-to-understand, often dark Duinezskih elegies (Duineser Elegies, 1912-1923) and inspired sonnets to Orpheus (Die Sonette an Orpheus, 1923). Developing the original deeply symbolic cosmology, Rilke rises to new heights of metaphysical, seeking reconciliation dissonances and contradictions that tormented him all his life. In the enthusiasm for the approval of the visible, 'dear land', born formula 'transfiguration' as the transfer of the inner reality of things.
Rilke's genius alone. His perception of life, its very creative, profoundly affected the thought of death were tragic. Word of the German language became, under his pen of exceptional significance, and his letters are striking evidence of absolute devotion to poetry. Rilke died in Val-Mont (Switzerland) 29 December 1926.