ROME Georg Friedrich Bernhard (Riemann Georg Friedrich Bernhard)( German mathematician.)
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Biography ROME Georg Friedrich Bernhard (Riemann Georg Friedrich Bernhard)
Born September 17, 1826 in a village near Hanover Brezelents. He studied at the school in Hanover, where the theory of numbers carried away Legendre. He studied at GцTttingen and Berlin Universities. In Gottingen in 1849 became intimate with Weber, who awakened his interest in physics. Classes physics so absorbed him that his doctoral dissertation the general theory of complex variable (Grundlagen fr eine allgemeine Theorie der Functionen einer vernderlichen complexen Grsse) Riemann introduced only in 1851.
In 1854 Riemann read a lecture on certain hypotheses that are the foundations of geometry (ber die Hypothesen, welche der Geometrie zu Grunde liegen, 1854), which proposed the idea of non-Euclidean geometry. In 1854 he became privat-docent at GцTttingen, in 1857 - an extraordinary professor in 1859 - a professor and director of the Gottingen Observatory. In recent years, life has been recognized, was elected a member of various scientific societies, including the Royal Society of London and the French Academy of Sciences. The last years of his life in Italy. Died of Rome in Selaske (at Lake. Lago Maggiore, Italy), July 20, 1866