Rogier van der Weyden (Rogier van der Weyden)( One of the greatest masters of Flemish painting in the 15.,)
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Biography Rogier van der Weyden (Rogier van der Weyden)
Was born in Tournai. His painting The Descent from the Cross (1438, Madrid, Prado) is one of the greatest works of world art. This altarpiece was painted for the chapel of the guild shooters in Louvain.
Descent from the Cross - the only product, which knows that it belongs to Rogier van der Veydenu. Around the work of modern art historians have grouped several similar in style portraits and paintings of religious subjects, which, in their opinion, too, could be implemented by Rogier van der Veydenom. Because of this 'reconstruction' of the creative heritage before us presents the greatest artist of delicacy that can convey the deepest feelings and the smallest nuances in the portraits. Unfortunately, it is impossible to bring a list of works by Rogier van der Weyden, which would agree to all scientists. Among the works attributed to him: CB. Luke, . depicting the Madonna (St. Petersburg, . Hermitage), . polyptych Judgment (Beaune (Burgundy), . Hospital Chapel, . 1446-1451), . Altar Bladelena (Berlin - Dahlem), . Young woman in a white headdress (Berlin - Dahlem) and Philippe de Croy (Antwerp, . Museum of Fine Arts),
Some researchers have isolated a group of works relating to the early period of creativity by Rogier van der Weyden (Merode Altar of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, etc.). However, most scientists believe that they belong to the Master of Flemalle.
In ancient documents preserved a few scattered facts about the life of Rogier van der Weyden. He went to Robert Campin in Tournai (unfortunately, not survived a single picture, which could be safely regarded as the work of this master). Around 1430 Rogier married a girl from Brussels and settled in this city. Soon began working on the orders of the City Council. One of these orders was a four allegorical compositions for the decoration of the Golden Halls of the City Hall on Justice. Among his clients were very influential people: Chancellor Nicolas Rolin and Treasurer Peter Bladelen. In 1459 eleven paintings by Rogier van der Weyden, commissioned by the abbot of the monastery of Saint Aubert in Kambre were transferred there his wife and servants of the artist. In 1463 Rogier van der Weyden had received a letter from Bianca Maria Sforza, Duchess of Milan, in which she expressed gratitude for the master that he took her protege to her students. Died Rogier van der Weyden in Brussels in 1464.