Louis Henry Sullivan (Sullivan Louis Henry)( American architect.)
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Biography Louis Henry Sullivan (Sullivan Louis Henry)
Born September 3, 1856 in Boston. He studied at MIT and the School of Fine Arts in Paris. in 1880 began the architectural work in Chicago from 1881 to 1900 he worked with D. Adler. Sullivan was a pioneer in the field of modern architecture, one of the first builders of skyscrapers. The architect studied the problem of acoustics and frame construction, but most of all it was interested in working with abstract forms. Its built differ constructive excellence and functionality.
One of the first skyscrapers - Wainwright Building in St. Louis (1890) - was built in conjunction with Sullivan D. Adler of glass and terra cotta tiles on the steel frame. This building served as a model for high-rise buildings that have appeared subsequently throughout the U.S.. Among the other famous buildings Sullivan: Auditorium in Chicago (1889, now Roosevelt University), created under the influence of H. Richardson Opera House in Pueblo (pc. Colorado, . 1890); mausoleum Wainwright in St. Louis (1892); Pavilion Transport at the World Columbian Exhibition in Chicago (1893), the building of the Chicago Stock Exchange (1894); Prudential Building in Buffalo (1894); Bayard Building in New York ( 1898); estate of Henry Babson in Riverside (pc,
. Illinois, 1907) and the National Agricultural Bank in Ovatone (pc. Minnesota, 1908).
In 1886-1923 Sullivan often lectured and wrote extensively on art, education and democracy. From all he had written the most famous are the book Autobiography of ideas (1924) and the essay What is architecture? Sullivan died in Chicago on April 14