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SATI Eric (Satie Erik)

( French composer.)

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Biography SATI Eric (Satie Erik)
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(1866-1925)
Born May 17, 1866 in Honfleur. His father was a music publisher, mother - a composer and pianist. Satie studied at some time in the Paris Conservatory (1883-1884) from E. Giraud, and J. Mathias. Needing money, he moonlighted playing the piano in cabarets of Montmartre. In those days, he met and became friends with Claude Debussy, who was captured with exquisite harmonies Sati. In 1898, Satie moved to Montmartre in the suburb of Arcueil. In 1905, he decided to change the aesthetic orientation and to expel from his work Impressionism. For this, he went to study counterpoint to A. Roussel in 'Scholia kantorum'. Time passed, and Satie became head of the artistic circle, TN. Arkeyskoy school, which combined a leading Parisian composers, artists and poets. Sati died July 1, 1925.
Until now, one called Sati genius, and others - a charlatan. But one can not deny that a meeting with him fundamentally changed world of Debussy. The early works of Satie, in particular gimnopedii Three (Trois gymnopdies) for piano solo (1877), based on the free use of sequences nonakkordov, but also to Satie met a similar reception at the Frank S. and E. Shabrov. Sati the first to introduce a sequence of chords built on fourths, this technique appeared in his Son stars (Le fils des toiles, 1891). Such discoveries have been picked up by virtually all French composers, it can be argued that Sati had anticipated much of what is characteristic of French music direction 'modern'.

The first convincing result of lessons Sati in 'Scholia kantorum' essay was Socrates (Socrate, 1919) for four sopranos and chamber orchestra on texts of Plato's dialogues.

Nature Sati whimsical and fantastic. He loved to give his writings unthinkable names, such as Three Pieces in the form of a pear (Trois morceaux en forme de poire, 1903). He liked to print the notes in red ink and write to their music absurd, at first glance, explanation, and did not like to put clock features. His style of thinking was so new that many refused (and still refuse) to perceive Sati seriously. However, his influence on French authors appreciably, even today.


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    SATI Eric (Satie Erik), photo, biography
    SATI Eric (Satie Erik), photo, biography SATI Eric (Satie Erik)  French composer., photo, biography
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