SIDZHVIK Henry (Sidgwick Henry)( English philosopher)
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Biography SIDZHVIK Henry (Sidgwick Henry)
Born May 31, 1838 in Skipton (Yorkshire), was educated at Rugby and Trinity College, Cambridge University. In 1883 he was elected professor of moral philosophy and remained in office until the end of life. Being a relative of the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Prime Minister (Arthur Balfour), Sidzhvik knew the English society of the time. Sidzhvik was one of the founders in 1871 Nyunt's College, Cambridge University, philosophical journal 'Mind' and the first president of the Society of Paranormal Research (1882).
Works Sidzhvika different analyticity. His work Principles of Political Economy (Principles of Political Economy, 1883) is the development of systems Dzh.S.Millya and Jevons, work began to policies (Elements of Politics, 1891) - the application of utilitarianism to the political theory. In addition, Sidzhvik - author of such works as Subject and method of economics (The Scope and Method of Economic Science, 1885) and the development of the state system in Europe (The Development of European Polity, 1903).
Most famous work Sidzhvika is his first book, Methods of Ethics (The Methods of Ethics, 1874). Succeeded Sidzhvika in Cambridge C. D. Brod called this book 'the best ever written treatises on ethics'. Sidzhvik aimed to study the main concepts of 'correct' and 'wrong' (in selfishness, . utilitarianism and intuitionism), . as well as evidence, . that only one of the proposed criteria - assessment of behavior to the amount of happiness, . it brings, . - Common sense,
. Sidzhvik shared the position of hedonism and believe that good can only be happy, but thought that a reasonable man the happiness of others is no less important than his own (the concept of a so-called. universalistic hedonism). Sidzhvik not profess Christianity, and even refused membership in the council of Trinity College, not to take holy orders. In private life he was bessrebrenikom and extremely generous man. Sidzhvik died in Cambridge on Aug. 29, 1900.