SINCLAIR Upton (Sinclair Upton Beall)( American writer, belonged to the movement 'muckraker'.)
Comments for SINCLAIR Upton (Sinclair Upton Beall)
Biography SINCLAIR Upton (Sinclair Upton Beall)
Born September 20, 1878 in Baltimore (pc. Maryland). He studied at New York College and Columbia University. In 1906 founded a socialist colony in Englewood (pc. New Jersey) in 1934 was almost elected governor of California.
The most famous work of Sinclair, The Jungle (The Jungle, 1906), about life working in Chicago's slaughterhouses, prompted President Theodore Roosevelt to establish the first federal legislation on the control of food quality. Sinclair described the decline of morals in capitalist society (Capital - The Metropolis, . 1908); attacked the institutionalized church, . bless capitalist exploitation (The benefits of religion - The Profits of Religion, . 1918); preached pacifism (Jimmy Higgins - Jimmy Higgins, . 1919); exposed the venality of newsmen (Bronze medal - The Brass Check, . 1919) and educators (Goose Step - The Goose Step, . 1923 and goslings - The Goslings, . 1924); penetrated into the oil scandals (Oil - Oil, . 1927); accused the company of the murder of Sacco and Vanzetti (Boston - Boston, . 1928) and analyzed the nature and problems of communism, . fascism and capitalist democracy in the series of novels about Lanny Buddy (11 novels, . in t.ch,
. Teeth Dragon - Dragon's Teeth, 1942, awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1943). The artistic heritage of Sinclair has more than 80 books, including Jesus for themselves: Biography (A Personal Jesus: A Biography, 1952), What made Didymus (What Didymus Did, 1955) and Autobiography of Upton Sinclair (Autobiography of Upton Sinclair, 1962). Sinclair died in Bound Brook (pc. New Jersey) 25 November 1968.