Luca Signorelli (Signorelli Luca)( Italian hulozhnik of the early Renaissance Umbrian school.)
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Biography Luca Signorelli (Signorelli Luca)
Born in Cortona. In art classes, took an active part in public affairs, has held a number of civilian posts in Cortona. In 1512 he was appointed Ambassador Cortona Florence. His works, mostly murals, as well as several machine-tracks, are in Rome, Florence, Cortona, Orvieto, etc.. In his later years he led a workshop in Cortona, where his designs were created several altars. Died Signorelli in Cortona October 16, 1523.
In the early period of the artist's work has been influenced by a geometrically clear style of his teacher - Piero della Francesca. In his later works revealed the desire to develop an accurate anatomical detail and a strong sculptural modeling shape - signs that point to the treatment Signorelli's experience Antonio Pollaiolo. In the frescoes of life of St.. Benedict (monastery of Monte Olivetti Maggiore, Tuscany) Signorelli, demonstrates his skill in the transfer of the anatomy of the human body, promising cuts, camera angles and chiaroscuro, creating major figures. One of his most famous works - the cycle of frescoes of the Last Court (1499-1502) in the chapel of Madonna di San Britz (Cappella Nuova), the cathedral in Orvieto. In these frescoes by Signorelli anticipates the search for Michelangelo in the use of plastic materials of the human body as a central element of artistic expression. However, comparison of Doomsday Doomsday Signorelli and Michelangelo shows that Signorelli is much more focused on the problem of form as such, rather than on the method of transferring its emotional expressiveness.
In the most dramatic scenes of the cycle - The death of the world, the resurrection and the death of sinners - are represented hundreds crowded struggling bodies represented in all imaginable positions. Mastery Signorelli in the transmission angle especially evident in the image of a chaotic accumulation of images in the songs of death of the world. In the resurrection of twisting, muscular figures rise from the graves, regaining his earthly guise.