Solonevich Ivan Lukyanovich( Russian political thinker, writer and publicist.)
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Biography Solonevich Ivan Lukyanovich
Born November 26, 1891 in a. Mines Grodno province. Graduated from the Faculty of Petrograd University (1916). During the Civil War participated in the White movement. In exile he published the newspaper "The Voice of Russia" (Sofia). Moving to Germany in 1938, became editor of the newspaper "Our Russia", which was closed by the authorities in 1941. In the 1930's fond of fascism, which saw the 'right' alternative to Western democracy. In his frustration in the fascist ideology to a great extent influenced by Germany's assault on Russia. After the war he lived in Argentina, published in Russian monarchist newspaper 'Our Country'.
The main essay Solonevich - People's Monarchy. Based on the theory of cultural-historical types N.Ya.Danilevsky, the author criticized the 'abstract' idea of humanity, and insisted on the reality of the historical existence of only specific people. Nor is there a universal historical laws: in every epoch for different societies and peoples 'here and now' there are special laws. Every nation acts at his peril, he creates his historical destiny. Major historical purpose of the people - the creation of the empire. The most unique in the history of the empire was founded by the Russian people, who united the tribes and peoples and set them full equality with themselves as the 'imperial nation'. This is the global role of the Russian people and the 'universality' of the Russian idea.
As a result of Petrine reforms Russia empire came in more and more went from the ideal of 'people's monarchy', which, on conviction Solonevich, albeit not fully, but was incarnated in Muscovy. Under the influence of the West Russia's nobility, and then begin to act as the intellectuals 'elites', isolated from the people, their social and cultural experiences. 'Europeanization' turned into a tragedy for the Russian people, who lost his organic relationship with its own intellectual layer (the intelligentsia). The final drama was the overthrow of the monarchy. Solonevich thought it possible to return Russia to its national and cultural origins through the restoration of 'traditional', 'social' of the monarchy, and in its entirety: 'from the throne to the village assembly'.
Died Solonevich in Buenos Aires on April 24, 1953.