SORIEUL Georges (Sorel Georges)( French philosopher.)
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Biography SORIEUL Georges (Sorel Georges)
Born November 2, 1847 in Cherbourg. After graduating from Ecole Polytechnique in Paris, he served for twenty-five years in the State Department of bridges and roads. In 1891 he received a small inheritance and retired. Until his death Aug. 28, 1922 engaged in literary work. The most profound influence on him has Proudhon. Sorel has devoted much time audit of Marx's views, which for many years led the discussion in a friendly correspondence with Benedetto Croce. Also interested in the writings of Renan and Bergson.
Sorel held an anti-democratic and anti-liberal stance, denying the inevitability of progress and humanization of society. In the work progress Illusions (Les Illusions du progrs, 1908) he regarded society as a physical object is affected by entropy and decay in accordance with the second law of thermodynamics. Sorel believed that these trends may be suspended only to the heroic efforts of people who have the will to action and capable to achieve a particular ideal resort to forcible measures.
Most famous work Sorel - Reflections on Violence (Rflexions sur la violence, 1908), which concentrated its syndicalist ideas. Sorel believed that the industrial workers through self-organization can gain a sense of dignity and responsibility. This, in turn, lead to the formation of a new morality to replace the inherent middle-class 'decadence'. Sorel believed that encourage workers to the activity can only give them confidence in the possibility of overthrowing the existing system of governance through a general strike.
Throughout the life Sorel was interested in the question about the public 'mechanism' capable of moral perfection of humanity. Not finding the answer to this question, Sorel, in the last years of his life is extremely pessimistic about the future of European civilization.