UPDF John (Soane John)( English architect, the largest representative of classicism)
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Biography UPDF John (Soane John)
His most famous building - a house in London (John Soane Museum).
Soane was born on September 10, 1753 in Goring (Berkshire). His teachers were Dzh.Dens Junior and G. Holland, in the workshop that the architect had worked from 1771 to 1778. Noticeable influence on his work have architects and William R. Adam Chambers. At the Royal Academy of Soane received a scholarship to travel to Italy (1778-1780). During his long professional career Soane carried out a large number of architectural works, became a professor of architecture of the Royal Academy and trained an entire generation of students. Soane died in London on January 20, 1837
. Even when creating a suburban estates, . related to the early period of his work (such, . as a parsonage in Sekslingeme or Tendring Hall), . architect developed strict dryish style, . which is characterized by the use of smooth surfaces, . classically simple forms, . carved geometric decoration and hidden sources of illumination,
. Soane received a number of important state and public order, the first of which was the building of the Bank of England (1788-1833). As an architect of the Royal management of construction works, he rebuilt the parliament building and the Trial Chamber, finish building the Royal Hospital in Chelsea, and designed the new government buildings in Whitehall. He built three churches, the building of the museum in Dulviche, is a combination art gallery and a mausoleum, and the main hall of the Masonic lodge, of which he was.
In the late works Soane carried away game of contrasts and romantic effects of light and shadow, although its planning decisions were purely pragmatic. In his later buildings, he used the Gothic ornaments and stained glass.