Surrey Henry Howard (Surrey Henry Howard)( English poet.)
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Biography Surrey Henry Howard (Surrey Henry Howard)
(ca. 1517-1547), also of Surrey
The son and heir of Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, born ca. 1517 in Hansdone (Hertfordshire). A boy engaged in translations from Latin, Italian and Spanish languages. In 1542 Surrey took part in the Scottish campaign, then four years of fighting in France. His high opinion of Charles V, and Henry VIII appointed a lieutenant general. However, in 1546 Earl of Hertford was replaced by Surrey in this post, and the Surrey at the instigation imprisoned in the Tower. Accused of treason on trumped-up charges of conferring the royal coat of arms, was beheaded on Jan. 19, 1547.
First published poem of Surrey became the epitaph on the death of T. Wyatt (1542). Surrey completed the Wyeth case, finally 'vaccinating' the trunk of English poetry genre of the sonnet. He developed a new, English sonnet form: three quatrains and a concluding couplet. His sonnets, published in the collection Tottelevskom (Tottel's Miscellany, 1557) served as a source of inspiration for F. Sydney and other Elizabethan poets. Another merit of Surrey is in the fact that he introduced into English poetry, blank verse (in the translation of Virgil's Aeneid).