Suslov, Mikhail Andreyevich( The activity of the Soviet state and Communist Party.)
Comments for Suslov, Mikhail Andreyevich
Biography Suslov, Mikhail Andreyevich
Born on 8 (21) November 1902 in the village Shakhovskoi Khvalin County Saratov province (now Pavlovsky District of Ulyanovsk region) in a peasant family. He graduated from the parochial school, in 1918-1920 he worked in the committee of the poor of his native village, participated in the Komsomol in Khvalynskoye County.
In 1921 Suslov was a member of the Communist Party and in the same year on the ticket, the party organization had come to Moscow and entered the Prechistenskiy workers' school, which graduated in 1924. Then until 1928 he studied at the Moscow Institute of National Economy. Plekhanov, simultaneously conducted a teaching job in the capital's Textile Institute and Chemical College. Was later enrolled student of the Economic Institute of Red Professors (CIP), which is preparing a new 'Party intellectuals'. Since 1929 began a course in economics at Moscow University and the Industrial Academy
. In 1931, after the decision of the Economic ICP CC, CPSU (b) was 'distributed' inspector in the apparatus of the Central Control Commission of the CPSU (b) and the People's Commissariat of Workers 'and Peasants' Inspectorate, in 1933 went to the commissions for the cleansing (ie,
. checks loyalty Communist Party leadership) of the Ural and Chernigov party organizations. From 1933 to 1936 - the Soviet Control Commission in SNK. In 1937 a group of party and government officials was sent to Rostov region for 'strengthening' the regional party organization, . the entire leadership of which was repressed, . and a 'cleaning work' to 'eliminate the enemies of the people',
. Until February 1939 worked as head of the department, the third, then second secretary of the Rostov Regional Party.
In the 1939-1944 first secretary of Ordzhonikidze (Stavropol) Regional Committee of the CPSU (b). Simultaneously, in 1941-1943 - a member of the Military Council of the Northern Group of Forces and Chief of the Transcaucasian Front guerrilla movement edge. As the leader of the edge, . mobilized peasants to accelerate the construction of an irrigation canal Nevinomisska, . ordered the bombing of the Kazan Cathedral in Stavropol, . organize assistance in the conduct of organs of the NKVD in 1943 deportation Karachay people,
Since the end of 1944 - Chairman of the Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) in the Lithuanian SSR, is actually the emergency management agency and sovereign republic. In the difficult conditions of guerrilla war with the collaborators and opponents of communism (the so-called 'forest brothers') pursued a policy of ruthless cleansing the party-state apparatus of dissidents, . forced collectivization of agriculture, . took a tough stance towards the local intelligentsia, . Considering preacher of Lithuanian nationalism,
Since March 1946 - in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b). At the invitation of Stalin in 1947 at the plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) was approved by a member of the Organizing Bureau of the Central Committee and secretary of the Party Central Committee in charge of the work of the media. Simultaneously, in 1949-1951 - chief editor of Pravda. Together with AA Zhdanov and Malenkov in June 1948 went to Romania to participate in the meeting of representatives of the Information Bureau of the Communist parties, which discussed the issue of 'opportunistic politics' leadership of the Yugoslav Communist Party. In 1949 was one of the main organizers of a lush celebration of the 70 th anniversary of Stalin and the fight against the so-called 'cosmopolitanism'. Took an active part in the preparation of the XIX Congress of the CPSU (b), together with a small 'team' has developed several versions of Stalin's speech at the congress (the final version made himself the leader). Evidence of public confidence Stalin was the inclusion of Suslov in 1952 the enlarged Bureau of the CC CPSU.
After Stalin's death and the rise of GM Malenkov, who with Suslov not a relationship was removed from the Presidium of the CPSU Central Committee. Therefore, in the ensuing in the middle of the 1950's inner-party struggle for power, the young secretary of the Communist Party firmly sided with Khrushchev, speaking out against the long-term associates of the late leader. Suslov with guided not so much a matter of principle to overcome Stalinism as a career motivation. His return to the Bureau of the CPSU Central Committee at the July (1955) Plenum of the CPSU Central Committee coincided with criticism of Molotov, . charged with the orthodox position on the settlement of relations with Yugoslavia (he Suslov, . later repeatedly opposed 'bourgeoisified Yugoslavs', . said on the subject diatribe),
. In late October - early November 1956, along with Mikoyan headed the Soviet delegation, which arrived in Budapest for talks with Hungarian leaders and clarify the situation. The result of 'clarification' was Moscow's decision to suppress the anti-Communist uprising of the Hungarian people with the help of the armed forces. Notably, remembers Khrushchev that Mikoyan opposed entry and use of Soviet troops, and Suslov, in contrast, maintained a rigid position.
In early 1960 Khrushchev removed Suslov from the direct leadership of the ideological work in the Party and State, entrusting the matter LF Ilyichev appointed Chairperson of the Commission CPSU. Suslov was entrusted with the Communist Party ties with communist and workers parties of other countries. In July 1963 in the face of deteriorating Sino-Soviet relations led the Soviet delegation at the talks with representatives of the Communist Party of China, but failed to achieve reconciliation. The results of the negotiations and disagreements with the Chinese are outlined in the report at the February (1964) Plenum of the CPSU Central Committee. As one of the sponsors of the draft report of FM Burlatskii, the performance was a personal request of Khrushchev, which demanded 'strongly condemn the mouth of Suslov's cult of personality'. But, . criticizing the former friends of the socialist camp for their opposition to making the Twentieth Party Congress on the issue of Stalinism, . Rapporteur himself was ready to revive it and stop that modest liberalization of political life, . which began in the Soviet Union after Stalin's death,
. No coincidence that Suslov, Khrushchev's opponents have trusted to do a report on the errors and the need to replace the first secretary of the Party Central Committee and chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR at the October (1964) Plenum of the CPSU Central Committee.
After displacement Suslov, Khrushchev actually came second after Leonid Brezhnev, a man of influence in the Party and State. As a member of the Politburo and Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, he conducted the Secretariat of the Party Central Committee, . responsible for all matters of ideological politics in the country, . for the management of media, . censorship, . culture and art, . higher education and school, . relations between the state and religious organizations,
. Since his name is associated with the persecution of the democratically-minded intellectuals (the defeat of the magazine 'New World', . expulsion from the Soviet Union Solzhenitsyn, . Link Sakharov and others), . preparation and adoption of the constitution era 'developed socialism' - the Constitution of the USSR 1977, . stagnation in the development of social sciences in the country,
. In addition, Suslov took active part in formulating the foreign policy of the USSR. He was among a small group of members of the Politburo in 1979 adopting the decision to send Soviet troops in Afghanistan. He was also in 1980-1981 was to lead a commission of the CPSU Central Committee to develop policy in relation to the revolutionary events in Poland.
In private life Suslov was stressed modest and ascetic. There had not sought to obtain academic degrees and degrees, did not speak with their own scientific work. As recalled a former employee of the Central Committee of the CPSU FF Petrenko, . 'twice a year Suslov was wont to call himself the chief accountant of the Central Committee, . open before him drawer, . where lay the salary for the last six months, . and most of its giving in party funds',
Suslov died in Moscow on January 25, 1982. He was buried in Moscow on Red Square.