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Edward Teller (Teller Edward)

( American physicist.)

Comments for Edward Teller (Teller Edward)
Biography Edward Teller (Teller Edward)
photo Edward Teller (Teller Edward)
(p. 1908)
Born January 15, 1908 in Budapest. He studied at the Higher Technical School in Karlsruhe, in Munich and the University of Leipzig. In the latter in 1930 defended his doctoral dissertation. Until 1935 he worked in Leipzig, GцTttingen, Copenhagen, London. In 1934 received a Rockefeller grant, worked with Niels Bohr in Denmark. In 1935 he emigrated to the U.S.. In 1935-1941 he was a professor of physics at George Washington University. In 1941, an American citizen, joined the research team to develop the atomic bomb (he worked at Columbia and the University of Chicago, and Los Alamos National Laboratory). In 1946-1952 Teller - Professor, University of Chicago, in 1953-1975 - Professor, University of California at Berkeley, since 1954 - Director of the newly organized Livermore Radiation Laboratory. Lawrence University of California. Program Manager to create a hydrogen bomb (her first test was in the Marshall Islands, 1 November 1952). From 1965 to 1958, Teller was a member of the General Advisory Committee of the Atomic Energy Commission, USA.
Teller opposed the ban on nuclear tests in three environments, the creation of more effective and cheaper types of atomic weapons, striking a target with a minimum of radioactive fallout, with the deployment of laser weapons in space.

In addition to work related to atomic weapons, Teller was engaged in research in quantum mechanics, nuclear physics, spectroscopy of polyatomic molecules, physical chemistry, physics, cosmic rays and elementary particles. Together with G. Gamow in 1936 formulated the rule for selection in b-decay, contributed to the theory of nuclear interactions. Regardless of the other in 1947 postulated the existence of Mesoatoms. With M. Goldhaberom in 1948 predicted the resonant scattering on nuclei (giant resonance).

In 1962, Teller was awarded the Enrico Fermi Award 'for his contribution to chemical and nuclear physics, for his leadership in research on thermonuclear fusion and for efforts to strengthen national security'. In 1975, left his post as professor of the University of California. In 1982 the project initiated the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI).


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Edward Teller (Teller Edward), photo, biography
Edward Teller (Teller Edward), photo, biography Edward Teller (Teller Edward)  American physicist., photo, biography
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