TINDAL William (Tindale William)( English reformer, translator of the New Testament and the Torah)
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Biography TINDAL William (Tindale William)
Born between 1490 and 1495 in Gloucestershire. In the period of study at Oxford University, where he received a master's degree free of Sciences, and at Cambridge University, he was interested in reading the Greek text of the New Testament. After finishing training, Tindal served as a tutor, and then took a priest. He became convinced of the need to translate the New Testament into English in order to overcome the ignorance of English clergy. He failed to enlist the support of the Bishop of London, and in 1525 he left England and went to Wittenberg, where he met with Luther. Everywhere persecuted, Tindal frequently moved from place to place. From Cologne, where its translation was already partly printed, he was forced (under pressure from the local Catholic authorities) to flee to Worms, where in 1525 anonymously published the first edition of his translation. It had spread throughout England, before authorities learned of its existence and burned the book.
Tindal entered into polemics with the Chancellor, Sir Thomas More, which established his reputation as a champion of the English Reformation. In 1534 he published a revised text of his translation of the New Testament, the majestic style of this translation was chosen as a model for the officially approved translation of the Bible (Authorized Version, 1611). Devotee imaginary friend, he was captured and imprisoned in the castle of Vilvoorde near Brussels. In conclusion, he translated the five books of Moses. The verdict of the court, which had found him a heretic, was burned on Oct. 6, 1536.