TROYON Constant (Troyon Constant)( French painter, a master of landscape, close to the Barbizon school.)
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Biography TROYON Constant (Troyon Constant)
Born in Sevres 28 August 1810. Studied with AD-D.Riokre, a porcelain painter and founder of the National Museum of Ceramics in Paris. As a young man painted porcelain at the Sevres factory. Do in your spare time, the landscape, debuted as a landscape painter at the Salon 1833. Was friendly with barbizontsami (T. Russo, J. Dupre, and others), but in general was sufficiently independent from them by. In 1847, traveled to Holland and Belgium.
Early work Troyona frankly retrospective and imitate the art of Baroque (Landscape with Tobias and the Angel, 1841, Wallraff-Richartz Museum Ludwig, Cologne). Most important basis and his mature style was, first and foremost, Netherlandish painting 17. (primarily paintings Ya.van Ruisdael, P. Potter and A. Cape). He often painted scenes of animals, . paying particular attention to lighting effects, . dynamically changing depending on the state of the sky (the storm, . 1851, . State Museum of Fine Arts named after AS Pushkin, . Moscow; Return herd, . 1856, . Museum of Fine Arts, . Reims; Administration to market, . 1859, . Hermitage, . Saint-Petersburg),
. It is this lightscript and became the most innovative element of the paintings Troyona, especially in the later 'predimpressionisticheskih' sketches, written on the shores of Normandy.
Troyon died in Paris on 20 March 1865.