Christian Friedrich Hebbel (Hebbel Christian Friedrich)( German dramatist and lyric poet.)
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Biography Christian Friedrich Hebbel (Hebbel Christian Friedrich)
Born March 18, 1813 in Vesselburene (Schleswig-Holstein, at that time in union with Denmark), the son of a poor bricklayer. With the death of his father's regular schooling for the 14-year-old boy ended. The next seven years he has worked as a messenger, then secretary of Judge. He was known as a poet, and some of his poems were published in the Hamburg journal Amalia Schopp (1791-1858). On her advice Hebbel in 1835 moved to live in Hamburg. A few months had been a volunteer at Heidelberg and the University of Munich, on his return to Hamburg he wrote his first play - Judith (Judith, 1840). Copenhagen, . Hebbel where he lived for some time, . made friends with AG Oehlenschlцгger (1779-1850), . He received a scholarship of the Danish king, . then, . around limiting themselves, . two years, traveled throughout Europe, . lived in Paris, . Rome and Naples, in November 1845 Hebbel reached Vienna, . and here he received recognition,
Hebbel gained fame primarily as a lyric poet, but the most important part of his legacy belongs to the drama. By thinking Hebbel, that drama should raise issues that grow from the relationship of the individual to the social, moral and religious order. Suppose that in this conflict, the hero inevitably suffer a fatal end: the imminent can justify it, giving the victory to the principles for which he gave his life. Among his best images - women: Judith in the homonymous tragedy Mariamna of Herod and Mariamna (Herodes und Mariamne, 1850), the Rhodopes in the play fur and his ring (Gyges and sein Ring, 1856). Worthy of mention the tragedy of Mary Magdalene (Maria Magdalena, 1844), Agnes Bernauer (Agnes Bernauer, 1855) and a remarkable trilogy Nibelung (Nibelungen, 1861), written explanation of the Nibelungenlied.
Hebbel died in Vienna on December 13, 1863.