Elwood Haynes (Haynes Elwood)( Pioneer of the American automobile industry.)
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Biography Elwood Haynes (Haynes Elwood)
Born October 14, 1857 in Portland (pc. Indiana). He graduated from Worcester Polytechnic Institute and Johns Hopkins University. Taught at Portland, Portland was the manager of the company 'Necherel Gas & Oil'. In 1893-1894 designed, built and successfully tested in Kokomo (pc. Indiana), the first 'horseless carriage' - a car with a one-cylinder engine power 1 hp, speeds of up to 10 km / h. The car was shown at the exhibition at the Smithsonian Institution (Washington). Along with his brothers founded the company Appersonami 'Haynes - Apperson', which in 1898 launched a vehicle. In 1903 invented a gas engine with rotary valve. Haynes - inventor of many alloys, including chromium steels (hromovolframovoy, chromium-nickel, hromokobaltovoy) in 1911, he invented and patented in 1919 stainless steel. In 1910 he created a stellite alloy with additions of cobalt, chromium and tungsten, has found wide application in the manufacture of high-speed cutting tool. Haynes died in Kokomo (pc. Indiana), April 13, 1925.