Louis Adolphe Thiers (Thiers Louis Adolphe)( Prime Minister and the President of France.)
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Biography Louis Adolphe Thiers (Thiers Louis Adolphe)
Born in Marseille, April 18, 1797. He graduated from the University of Aix, where he studied law, in 1822 began to engage in political activity in Paris, collaborated with the newspaper 'Konstityusonel' ( 'Constitutionnel'). Steel known for his work History of the French Revolution (Histoire de la rvolution franaise, 1823-1827). In 1830 founded the opposition newspaper 'Nacional' ( 'National'), after the July Revolution was a member of the Council of State. As Foreign Minister, resigned in 1836, when King Louis-Philippe did not approve of his 'inspirational' foreign policy. In 1840, for a short time became prime minister, extending all the same political line during the Egyptian crisis that nearly plunged the country into war with Britain. During the next eight years, Thiers was in the opposition.
During this period, Thiers returned to his historical research, worked on the history of the Consulate and Empire (Histoire du Consulat et de l'Empire, 1845-1861). There remained an adherent of Louis Philippe, treated with skepticism to the Second Republic. Supported the candidacy of Louis Napoleon as president, but the illusion vanished after the coup 1851. He returned to active politics in 1863. Sharply criticized the foreign policy of Napoleon III, supported by Emile Olivier.
Thiers war of 1870 gave the opportunity to do public work. He went on a trip to the European courts for the negotiations on the support of France, showed real diplomatic skills, having concluded a peace treaty with Bismarck. Elected 26 departments in the new National Assembly, Thiers was appointed 'chief executive'. In August 1871 became president. Froze the issue of restoration of the monarchy by signing the pact Bordeaux. Thiers had actually contributed to the Commune, first try to remove the small force of Montmartre gun, and then leaving the city to its rebels. Then brutally suppressed the Commune. Resigned in 1873.
Died Thiers in Saint-Germain-en-Laye near Paris, September 3, 1877.