Veldeke Heinrich von (Veldeke Heinrich von)( German court poet.)
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Biography Veldeke Heinrich von (Veldeke Heinrich von)
(niderl., Flam.: Hendrik van Veldeke) (ca. 1140 - ca. 1200)
Born near Maastricht (now in the Netherlands), scion of a noble kind. For several years he served at the court of Cleves, which composed his first major work Servatius (Servatius, OK. 1170; ed. 1858) - a poem in Flemish on the Life of the patron saint of Maastricht. After 1173 Veldeke began work on his most significant composition, the epic poem Aeneid (Eneit). The poem was a transcription of Ene Romana (Roman d'nas), which was considered the author of Benoit de Sainte-Maure, and was originally written in Flemish. Effect Aeneid is clearly seen in works such minnesingers as Gottfried Strassburg, Hartmann von Aue, etc.. Veldeke wrote many love lyrics. His creativity is inherent in the whole wealth of new shapes and sizes, borrowed from French literature. It marked the final transition from drevnegermanskogo alliterative verse to rhymed. Since Veldeke written in Flemish, the Netherlands modern critics often announce its first Dutch poet.